Economics Of Poaching
Poaching is pretty much war because two sides are fighting over the animals. Poachers versus non-poachers.
War is expensive.
Unless something is worth protecting then it is not economical to go to war.
Trophy Hunting creates value for the wild animals and in short, they become worth defending. For example, game farms establish costly protection such as
high fences and security guards.
Without value, no one can afford to go to war.
Economics - Herd Management
But if you are shooting the numbers out, how does that help? The numbers are not shot out because the game farms need animals to continue their business.
Moreover, they need surplus stock, so the breeding of these animals is economically driven. Alternatively, if there is no game farms the herd numbers are threatened because land use and poaching threaten them.
But this is stupid, you have to kill animals in order to help them?
In an economic sense, yes.
Can’t you just put them in National Parks?
National Parks are expensive and hard to manage from poachers, as an example.
Social Impacts In Developing Nations
It is going to be difficult for many people reading this to understand the social situation in developing nations is driven greatly by their economic means.
Unfortunately, this is where most of the controversy has arisen, in developing nations. People are desperate:
- for their next meal and for their children's future.
In the peer-reviewed article "Trophy Hunting, Conservation, and Rural Development in Zimbabwe: Issues, Options, and Implications":
“We conclude that trophy hunting still plays an important role in wildlife conservation in developing economies where conservation ﬁnancing is limited due to fiscal constraints.”